Most of the negotiable certificate of deposit is high yield certificate of deposit. It has a short maturity term. The term of maturity can be few weeks to about 1 year, but not more than one year. Certificates of deposit, which are negotiable, are sold in secondary market because it reaps huge benefits. Significant amount of discount is available for negotiable CDs. This means that they can be brought at a price which is lower than the face value of the CD. This means both the holder and the purchaser of the CDs of this kind will benefit, if the market conditions are holding right for them. On maturity, the purchaser receives the entire discount value of CD from interest accrued.
The conditions and terms of such certificate of deposits are same as the traditional certificate of deposit. The rate of interest may be fixed or variable. The interest is paid monthly, quarterly or at the end of the term of maturity to the account or in check. Withdrawal of the fund before its maturity term attracts penalty because during the entire time of the tenure, the amount is supposed stay locked. However, for negotiable certificate of deposit, the CD is sold against a premium. This normally happens if the prevailing interest rates of the CDs available in the market are lower.
Interests accrued on certificate of deposit, which are negotiable, are similar to the terms of zero-coupon bonds. Holder of the certificate of deposit of such nature does not receive interest income periodically. Instead, the par value or the face value of the CD is paid to the holder at end of maturity. The interest that accrues over the amount effectively fills difference between the original value and the discounted value.
For instance, if the par value of the negotiable certificate of deposit is 10,000 dollars and he/she purchased the CD at a cost of 9,000 dollars and term of maturity of the CD is five weeks, the holder will keep the CD until the maturity date. At the end of the term, the holder of the CD will receive the full face value, which is 10,000 dollars. The first purchaser of the CD of such nature can decide to sell the CD at a particular value. This value will be according to market and often dictated by demand and supply.
There is a significant gain selling the negotiable certificate of deposit at the market. Not only will the investor retrieve the money that he/she has invested when purchasing the CD but in case, they need to have access to the amount of deposit without suffering the penalty charges, they can do so. It might as well so happen that the interest rates of the available CD in the market decrease. In that case, the purchaser can sell the CD to a new holder with a profit. At the same time, purchaser would enjoy the benefit of gaining the full face value of the CD, thus securing an amount of profit for them.